The National Contact Point (NCP) was set up in the Czech Republic with the aim of implementing the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises. The NCP was established by Government Resolution No 779 of 16 October 2013 as a permanent working group within the Ministry of Industry and Trade.
Recommendations for responsible business conduct in the global context
The OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises contain a raft of recommendations concerning corporate social responsibility addressed by governments to multinational companies active in the international markets. The Guidelines were drafted by members of OECD in collaboration with representatives of employer and employee associations and the non—governmental sector. This is the most comprehensive instrument of its kind, and has currently been signed by 46 states and one international organisation. Compliance with the recommendations listed in the Guidelines is voluntary for enterprises and is not legally enforceable.
The Guidelines differ from other similar instruments particularly in that, as part of the implementation process, states have undertaken to set up "National Contact Points", the primary purpose of which is to:
The main sources of international investment, which are the driving force behind the growth of the global economy, are multinational companies. The key benefits of multinational companies are evident in the form of job creation, the development of human potential, the efficient distribution of capital, transfers of technology and the knowledge and skills which contribute substantially to the economic development of both host and home states. Despite the undeniable positive role played by multinational companies in economic development, they face intensifying globalisation as well as concerns about the impact their activities have on the society in which they operate. In the 1970s OECD Member States that had long acknowledged that responsible conduct is a cornerstone of an open international investment climate, decided to draw up the OECD Guidelines as an instrument aimed at strengthening trust between multinational enterprises and society and thus enhancing the contribution made by multinational enterprises to sustainable development.
The Guidelines help multinational enterprises to prevent and avoid the adverse impact their activities have on society, through the introduction of minimum standards of conduct that multinational companies should follow, regardless of where they operate.
These Guidelines are intended for multinational companies and OECD Member States, and hence other States which have acceded to them.
The Guidelines do not contain a precise definition of the term "multinational enterprise". Multinational enterprises are generally considered to be companies or other entities that are registered in more than one country and which are also interconnected in such a way that enables them to coordinate their activities. The Guidelines are intended for all entities that form part of a multinational enterprise, i.e. both parent companies and local entities, as well as all elements in the supply chain.
The various sections of the Guidelines focus specifically on: access to information, human rights, employment and labour relations, the environment, combating bribery and extortion, consumer interests, science and technological innovation, competition and taxes.
OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises: http://www.oecd.org/daf/inv/mne/48004323.pdf